Diabetes is considered to be one of the most common health problems being suffered by people around the world aside from hypertension and heart problems. When neglected, it may lead to further unwanted health problems and even death. So, what is it anyway?
Diabetes mellitus, or commonly known as diabetes, is a disease wherein the blood sugar or glucose level of a person increases beyond normal levels. The common cause of diabetes is the inability of the pancreas to produce insulin, which is a hormone that helps the glucose to enter your cells in order to give them energy. There are commonly four types of diabetes; type 1, type 2, gestational and other types. So, how will you know if you are already suffering from such disease? Here are a few symptoms of diabetes that you need to watch out for:
- Cuts and bruises on your body do not heal quickly – If your blood sugar level is very high, your body’s capability to heal is greatly affected and hence cuts and bruises heal longer than the usual.
- Frequent urination – If you have observed that you are going to the bathroom more frequently to urinate compared to the usual then it is time that you have yourself checked as your blood sugar level may be out of control. As you know, having too much glucose in the body will make you urinate more often since your kidney will take water from your blood in order to dilute the glucose. With more water removed by your kidneys from your blood, your bladder also gets filled up with water, which in return will make you urinate more frequently.
- Tingling of the skin – If you feel like your skin is frequently getting itchy as if it is being pricked by a lot of needles, then it may be a sign that your glucose level is getting high.
- Blurred vision – also among the most common symptoms that usually arises. When neglected, this may lead to blindness.
- Sudden loss of weight – If you have observed that you have suddenly lost weight even if you are not trying to lose weight, then for sure there is something wrong with your body. This is very common for those who are suffering from type 1 diabetes as the cells are getting their energy source from muscle tissues and fats that are being broken down instead of getting it from the glucose that are present in the food that you eat.